The external genitalia, known collectively as the vulva, are comprised of the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, urethral opening, vaginal opening, and the perineum.
The mons pubis (or mons veneris, “mount of love”) is a rounded, fatty pad of tissue, which becomes covered with pubic hair at puberty. It lies on top of the pubic bone and is the most visible part of the genitals when a woman is standing up.
The labia majora are the fleshy outer lips (in Latin labia means lips). The outer surface of these lips is covered with pubic hair; the inner surface is composed of mucous membrane. Inside the labia majora, and lying parallel to them, are the labia minora, or inner lips, which vary widely among women in appearance and color, with the color often varying from pink to brown along their surface. Normal configurations of labia minora include those that remain tucked in under the outer lips and those that protrude and hang down lower than the outer lips. This latter variety has occasionally been a cause of consternation for women with such lips whose only basis for comparison was stylized medical or marriage manual drawings or former Playboy type models with airbrushed vulvas showing no protruding inner lips.
The labia minora join at the top and divide into two folds which surround the clitoris. The upper fold forms the clitoral hood, and the lower constitutes the frenulum of the clitoris. At their base, the labia minora form the fourchette.